Couples with higher levels of religiosity tend to invest more in their marriages, have a higher quality of marital life, a lower likelihood of divorce, and are less likely to be involved in incidents of domestic violence. More religious adolescents tend to have a higher expectation that they will be married and are more likely to disapprove of cohabitation and premarital sex.
- Marital Adjustment. A belief in the spiritual significance of marriage was associated with marital quality. Couples who believe that marriage has spiritual significance tend to adjust more easily to marriage, experience lower levels of conflict, invest more in their relationship and collaborate more in resolving disagreements. Participating in religious activities with one’s spouse, holding views that support the sanctification of marriage, and perceiving God’s presence in one’s marriage were all correlated positively with overall marital adjustment. Higher scores (on marital sanctification and God’s presence) predicted greater investment in marriage, less frequent marital conflict, and greater collaboration to resolve disagreements.
- Marital Stability. Spouses’ attendance at church services is associated with marital stability. Marriages in which both husband and wife attend church frequently were 2.4 times less likely to end in divorce than marriages in which neither spouse attends religious services.
- Adolescents’ Prospects for Marriage. Adolescents’ religiosity was associated with their prospects for marriage. Compared with other peers, adolescents with higher levels of church attendance and higher reported salience of religion were more likely to marry and less likely to cohabit.
- Marital Quality. The frequency of spouses’ church attendance was associated with marital satisfaction. Wives who attended religious services weekly with their husbands reported higher levels of marital happiness than peers in marriages in which neither the wife nor the husband attended services weekly.
- Paternal Involvement. Fathers who attend religious services frequently are more likely to be engaged with their infant children. Among fathers living in urban areas, those who more frequently attended religious services were more likely to be engaged in activities with their one-year-olds than peers who attended less frequently. Fathers who reduced the frequency of their religious attendance during the first year of their children’s lives became, on average, less engaged with their one-year-olds compared to peers who maintained their level of religious attendance.
- Marital Fidelity. Frequent church attendance is related to fidelity in marriage. Married individuals who attended religious services often were less likely to be unfaithful to their spouses than peers who attended less frequently.
- Domestic Violence. Men and women who regularly attend church services are less likely to commit an act of domestic violence. Compared with individuals who attended religious services only once a year or less, those who attended church regularly (at least once a week) were less likely to commit an act of violence against their partners. Regular attendance at religious services reduced the odds of perpetrating domestic violence by half for women and for men.
Source: (2012) The Heritage Foundation