According to Prof. Whitehead’s research, results demonstrate that a masculine image of God is significantly associated with:
Individuals who believe God is a male are more likely to believe most men are better suited for politics, a preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works, it is God’s will that women care for children, or that a husband should earn a larger salary than his wife.
Professor Whitehead, also ponders that given that qualitative research suggests that females might be more likely to view God as a “he”; it is somewhat paradoxical that they would also be more likely to hold a masculine image of God.
From a Catholic perspective one has to remember a few pointers provided by St. Thomas Aquinas, that highlight that God is neither a He nor a She…God is God:
(1) It is impossible to define the essence of God
(2) It is written in the Gospel of St. John(John 4:24): “God is a spirit.”
(3) It is impossible that matter should exist in God.
(4) God is not in a genus
We cannot know what God is, but only what God is not. So to study God, we study what God has not — such as composition and motion.
Whitehead A (2012) Gender Ideology and Religion: Does a Masculine Image of God Matter? Review of Religious Research 54 (2): 139-156
The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Second and Revised Edition