Scientific theories and conclusions are subject to modification because of the possibility of new discoveries. Nevertheless, certain theories and conclusions are considered well-grounded and highly probable because they rest on multiple, distinct, bases of evidence which mutually corroborate one another.
There are three mutually corroborative bases of evidence that indicate the existence of a super-intellectual creator (God) from the vantage point of modern physics:
• Evidence of a beginning of the universe from the law of entropy;
• Evidence of a beginning of the universe (or any multiverse in which it might be situated) from the vantage point of space-time geometry; and
• Evidence of supernatural design from our low-entropy universe and the anthropic values of cosmological constants.
When all three are seen in their mutually corroborative relationship, the conclusion of Balor Institute Scholar in Residence Bruce Gordon is quite reasonable:
“When the logical and metaphysical necessity of an efficient cause, the demonstrable absence of a material one, and the proof that there was an absolute beginning to any universe or multiverse are all conjoined with the fact that our universe exists and its conditions are fine- tuned immeasurably beyond the capacity of any mindless process, the scientific evidence points inexorably toward transcendent intelligent agency as the most plausible, if not the only reasonable explanation.”
The Standard Big Band Model assumes that the Big Bang could be the beginning of the universe. This assumption has not been proven, but there is no evidence against it. If it is true, then the universe is 13.7 billion years old (the age of the Big Bang)…With respect to visible matter there is 1053 kg of mass, which is approximately 1080 baryons (protons and neutrons). This is configured in about 1022 stars in 1011 galaxies.
Thus the Big Bang Model shows the universe to have finite parameters, which is different from previous assumptions which held the universe to be infinite in time and mass.
“Beginning” means that the universe came into existence. This means that prior to that beginning point, it did not exist – it was literally nothing. Now if we take “nothing” literally, then we should not import any reality into nothingness. Nothing is not a vacuum (which has dimensionality), nothing is not space, nothing is not a void – it is only nothing.
We may now proceed to the first principle of metaphysics, namely, “from nothing, only nothing comes.” This means that prior to the beginning; the universe could not have caused itself to exist, because it was nothing. So, how could the universe have come into existence if it was nothing? The only answer can be that something real caused the universe to be, and that reality must be other than the universe.
This “other reality” must be beyond the universe and, it must be capable of causing the universe (as a whole) to come into existence. This reality is frequently called “Creator” or “God.” Thus, “beginning of the universe” implies a “Creator” or “God.”
Source: God and modern physics. Facts about the beginning and design of the universe A basic overview, Robert J. Spitzer, S.J., PhD. June 2010, Magis Center of Reason and Faith